Journal Of Clinical Endocrinology And Metabolism

The suitable environment conditions, topography and the diversied landforms sustain different species of plants which are of great medicinal importance to mankind.These plants have many medicinal uses in curing people suffering from different diseases.Different parts of plants have been used for the treatment of diseases.The medicinal importance of these plants includes antimicrobial and antitumour effects, antistress, antiinammatory, useful in malaria and jaundice, dermatological effects, cardioprotective effects, antioxidant properties, antiulcer, anticancer, antiasthmatic activity, antiallergic and antifungal properties.The colour of the root is white or grey and the stem is rigidly upright, simple or branched.The plant is cm in height and globular from below and nely crispopubescent in the upper part.Leaves of plants are multifold and glabrous and lower parts of the leaves have long petioles. The blades are orbicularcordate or ovatecordate in outline with a usually narrow sinus. They are usually lobed to the middle and upper parts of the leaves having lobes that completely surround the stem. Inorescence of the plant is slender raceme or a lax, leafy panicle, crispopubescent.Seeds are pyramidal in shape, mm long and blackish brown in colour.Generally, by the end of growing season one to two daughter tubers are generated.Daughter tubers are gathered in the autumn after senescent aerial shoot is replanted in the spring.In the rst year of development, the fresh crops generate leafy shoots while the cultivated crops generate owers in the second year of development. In recent years, consumption of herbal medicine is increasing across the world.Nearly of the people living in developing countries reckon on traditional medicine for primary health care. Analgesic and antiinammatory activities are signicantly shown by some aconitine and mesaconitine derivatives.Aconitum tubers were used only after processing as herbal drug.The standardized technique for evaluating the concentrations of toxic alkaloids in aconite roots is required to guarantee secure use as medicinal herbs of these plants.The processed tubers usually have lower levels of poisonous alkaloids than unprocessed tubers. The plant root is boiled for two successive days with two components of cow urine for ha day.Then it is boiled for the same duration with two components of cow milk.This was due to the fact that its young branches and leaves were used as fodder for horses, which led to a rapid gain in weight in horses and their coat became more shiny.Being a unique plant, it has gained worldwide attention due to its medicinal and nutritional properties and domesticated in different parts of the world. Sea buckthorn is a shrubby, deciduous plant with numerous owers.Berries of sea buckthorn are most useful part from which the juice is extracted.The rst phase consists of accelerating seed growth, second phase is the declining transition seed growth and the nal phase is called berry maturation phase.The berries are attached to the undisturbed branches in the whole winter.Sea buckthorn has developed a modied root system which helps in xing a large quantity of atmospheric nitrogen.There is a symbiotic relationship between fungus and sea buckthorn that led to a nodule formation that helps in xing atmospheric nitrogen.In traditional system of medicine, this plant has been used for treatment of asthma, gastric ulcers, skin diseases, cough and lung disorders.

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