Metabolism Without Oxygen

The oristic analyses revealed the unequal distribution of species across families, and about families were monotypic in the present study.In the present study, species of trees were in higher proportion, which clearly depicts the smooth functioning of a forest ecosystem in the study area. There was a disparity in traditional knowledge at the personal level depending upon the relation between the individual and the specic plant species or group that heshe prioritizes for condent uses, and it is reported in a number of other studies also. The study demonstrates that plants are used to sustain a wide range of livelihood activities and predominantly as a resource of traditional medicines. Furthermore, the plant biodiversity of the study area provides fuelwood, timber wood, food, fodder, vegetableedible fruit, herbal tea, tanningdying, resin yield and other services to the native communities.This study going to serve as a baseline information for biodiversity conservation and also for developed of medicinal formulations.The diversity in ecological growing conditions and also variability in altitude that ranges from to mabove the sea level introduce diverse kinds of medicinal plants in the higher altitude.Analgesic and antiinammatory activities are signicantly shown by some other alkaloids such as aconitine and mesaconitine derivatives.These constituents help in decreasing stress, improve brain function, reduce symptoms of depression etc.The adverse conditions in higher altitude is due to the presence of ultraviolet lters, potent antioxidants, free radical quenchers and antifreeze carbohydrates, and the plants growing in such habitat adapt themself to different mechanisms of metabolite synthesis.This is the major reason for the availability of diverse and unique J.On the other hand, these processes are not shown by plants growing in low altitude.Their biochemical machinery has been able to bear the aggressive climatic conditions by the way of new biosynthetic twists leading to new molecular skeletal, which are absent in the lower region plants.Highaltitude plants gain a lot of economic and medicinal importance.The amount and variety of chemical constituents present in highaltitude plants differ from plants growing in lower region, and this attracts researchers to investigate and explore their medicinal applications for human health care.In developing countries, a large proportion of population depends on plants for their health care systems.The medicinal plants are in major use since long time because of their lesser side effects.The allopathic medicines take lesser time for cure of disease, however, associated with adverse effects on the health of individual.Medicinal plants are used traditionally for the common daytoday ailments like cold, cough, fever and headache.Even their role is proved in coping with harmful diseases, including cancer, hepatitis, AIDS.Industrialists also make use of plant materials for preparing ne chemicals, cosmetics and pharmaceuticals.Medicinal plants play a prominent role in the discovery of new drugs. Because of the devoted attempts of scientists, a variety of potent drugs and a good amount of therapeutic leads and various pharmacologically active compounds were created from herbal drugs.It is a land of great biodiversity being the home for a great variety of ora and fauna.According to a report of WHO, about of the world population depends upon the plants for medicinal uses.

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