Metabolism Explained

A part of rhizome is left for regeneration over the next years.It can even grow in the harsh conditions like in sandy loam soils and also on rocks.Several avonoids are also known to show the antiviral effects through neuraminidase inhibition.Its rhizome extracts are prepared with different concentrations of ethanol.It also has immune function enhancing constituents present in it. It is mainly used as adaptogen and for improving the performance of athletes after prolonged exercise to reduce the recovery time. It looks like an ornamental plant with less height ranging from to cm and glossy green footshaped leaves.The owers of this fruit are pink in colour whereas its fruit looks like a bright orangecoloured bulb.Rhizome of this plant is responsible for its perennation as other organs are grown from it in winter.Light pinkcoloured bowlshaped ower has six petals, six stamens, one pistil of short length and one ovary with ovules.Sinopodophyllum mainly propagates through seeds and cutting of rhizomes.It mainly follows autogamy, that is, selfpollination as very less pollinators visited nectar less owers.However, solitary bee and honeybees could be the potential pollinators.Selfpollination within a ower is achieved by inclining the pistil and pushing the stigma into contact with anthers after which the pistil comes back to its normal position at the centre of the ower. Their major constituents are aryltetralin lignans that are known for their antineoplastic, antifungal and immunomodulatory properties. Kaempferol, a polyphenol antioxidant, found in the fruit of this plant helps in the treatment of various diseases such as cancer.It is also used to prevent the oxidative damage of our cells, DNA and lipids.Another constituent of this fruit quercetin, which is a avonoid with antioxidant properties, exhibits various health benets.It is also used for the treatment of cardiovascular disease, lung cancer and osteoporosis.Podophyllotoxin, an aryl tetralin lignan, is also a potent antiviral and antitumour agent along with antiinammatory and immunosuppressive properties. It lowers blood cholesterol levels and is also known for its potential to reduce benign prostatic hyperplasia. Human disturbances have destroyed the natural habitat of these plants, which bring them to the list of endangered species.Thus, immediate action is required to protect this important species.It contains a large number of bioactive molecules such as avonoid and lignans which have antioxidant and antiapoptotic potential and hence helps in radioprotection.The root of sinopodophyllum contains various lignans such as podophyllotoxin, podophyllin and bebeerine which shows various activities such as J.Highaltitude plants have several properties due to which they withstand harsh climatic conditions like the direct sunlight, snowfall, and even very low temperature conditions.The main primary atmospheric changes associated with highaltitude plants are decrease in partial pressure of all atmospheric gases which includes the most important, that is, oxygen and carbon dioxide gases and also there is a decrease in total atmospheric pressure, atmospheric temperature reduction with humidity.There is an increase in radiations under the cloudless sky and higher UVB radiation fraction under total solar radiation.The plants of highaltitude region also have needleshaped leaves for less rate of transpiration from their surface, whereas the plants of lowaltitude regions have no such adaptations for their development and growth.

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